Baltimore, David (1938-), an American microbiologist, is one of the most influential and controversial biologists of his time and a pioneer in DNA recombinant techniques. He shared the 1975 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine and received the 1999 National Medal of Science for his work in virology, molecular biology, and immunology. He also helped to establish federal guidelines on the Human Genome Project and has been an advocate for AIDS research. Baltimore was born to Richard Baltimore and Gertrude Lipschitz. Baltimore traces his decision to become a molecular biologist back to high school, when he attended a summer program for scientifically gifted students at Jackson Memorial Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine. While there, Baltimore was given the opportunity to interact with biologists and to conduct a few experiments of his own. He also met a future colleague, Howard Martin Temin, who at the time had just graduated from college and served as the “guru” of the group, according to Baltimore. In 1956, Baltimore enrolled at Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania, and received a B.A. degree with high honors in for years time. He began graduate work at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) but transferred to the Rockefeller Institute, now called… Read full this story
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