An electronic nose could spare thousands of lung cancer patients from enduring brutal side effects of immunotherapy, scientists say. A trial of the gadget found it could sniff out whether patients will have an adverse reaction to the pioneering drugs with 85 per cent accuracy. Patients breathe into the device, which then uses AI and takes just one minute and to identify whether or not the patient is likely to respond to immunotherapy. Lung cancer kills 36,000 Britons every year and around 50,000 are diagnosed with the disease annually. Thousands of lung cancer patients may be spared the negative side effects of immunotherapy thanks to an electronic nose (pictured) which sniffs out whether patients will react badly to the drugs Sufferers can be treated with immunotherapy drugs, which utilise patients’ own immune system to fight back and destroy cancer cells. While the medicines tend to have fewer side effects than chemotherapy, they can sometimes cause the immune system attacking healthy cells. This can cause muscle aches, shortness of breath, headaches, diarrhoea and flu-like symptoms. In very rare cases the drugs cause the immune system to go into overdrive and attack vital organs. Dutch researchers say the ‘eNose’ can smell volatile organic compounds (VOCs),… Read full this story
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